2nd Benchmark Study Guide 2016-2017


2nd Benchmark Study Guide

1.  Who was the 1st person to develop a classification system for living organisms?



2.  Who developed the 3 Domain System?



3.  What is the difference in organisms to place them in different domains?



4.  Why is a mule not a species?



5.  What are four requirements for animals to be in the same species?


            1.                                                                                 3.

            2.                                                                                 4.


6.  A(n) _____________________________ responds to changes in the __________________________       variable.


7. The variable you (the scientist) changes on purpose is the _____________________________ variable.


8.   The independent variable is put on the _______ axis and that is the one that goes from             ____________ to _______________.


9.  The dependent variable is put on the _______ axis and that is the one that goes from             ____________            to _______________.


10.  The _________________ is used to compare things to in an experiment.


11.  In all experiments all variables should remain ________________ except for the independent             variable.


12.  DRY/MIX stands for-



13.  Put these in order from smallest to largest:  tissue, organ system, cell, organ

                                    à                                à                                à


14.  A group of cells create ______________ and the ____________________s have the same function.


15.  A group of _____________ create organs and organs have the same function.


16.  A group of ____________ create an ________________ system.

17.  Cells all the way up to organ systems create the most complex unit which is a(n) _______________.


18.  The prefix uni means ______ and the prefix bi means ________.


19.  Define prokaryote-



20.  Define eukaryote-



21.  The biggest difference between a prokaryote and a eukaryote is the lack or presence of a             membrane bound __________________.

22.  What are the 3 main phases of the cell cycle?

            1.                                                                     3.


23.  What are the 4 stages of mitosis?

            1.                                                                     3.

            2.                                                                     4.

24.  What process creates 2 identical daughter cells that are identical to the parent cell?


25.  What process creates body cells?  Mitosis or Meiosis?


26.  Humans have ______ chromosomes.  You get ______ from the sperm and _____ from the egg.


27.  Meiosis produces what type of cell?  body or sex?


28.  The cell prepares for division in which phase?


29.  In diffusion materials move from the _____________ concentration to the ______________             concentration.


30.  ________________________ is the diffusion of water across a cell membrane.


31.  True or False?

            Cell Membranes are the control center of the cell.

            Cell Membranes release energy for the cell.

            Cell Membranes block substances from exiting the cell.

            Cell Membranes are selectively permeable.


32. Is osmosis passive or active transport? 

            Osmosis deals with the movement of __________________.


You will have charts and graphs to look at on this test.  Please look carefully at each diagram, read the question carefully and decide what it is that the question is asking.