3rd Quarter Benchmark Study Guide 2016-2017

3rd Quarter Benchmark Study Guide

  1. List the 8 levels of classification to from the largest to the most specific-

     

  2. The 3 Domain System was set up by Carl Woese.The criteria he used to classify the organisms was the differences in-

             

  3. An organism that can make its own food is a(n)

              

  4. An organism that can’t make its own food is a(n)

             

  5. Having one cell is:multiple cells is

     

  6. Prokaryote or Eukaryote? An organism having a nucleus is a(n)

                                                                

  7. Prokaryote or Eukaryote? An organism that lacks a nucleus is a(n)

     

  8. Fill in the chart below

    DOMAIN

    KINGDOM

    PROKARYOTE OR EUKARYOTE

    (cell type)

    UNICELLULAR OR MULTICELLULAR

    AUTOTROPH OR HETEROTROPH

    (or both)

     

    Archaebacteria

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Eubacteria

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Protist

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Fungus

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Plant

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Animal

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

  9. Archaebacteria and Eubacteria are the only living organisms that do not have a _____________.
  10. The scientist that developed the system of classification known as binomial nomenclature was:

     

  11. True or False?Scientists classify living organisms by grouping them with organisms that share similar characteristics.
  12. Fill in this Chart:

    Domain

    Cell Type

    Kingdom

    Archaea

     

     

    Bacteria

     

     

    Eukarya

     

     

    Eukarya

     

     

    Eukarya

     

     

    Eukarya

     

     

  13. An organisms two part name is it’s-

     

  14. Circle the scientific name that is written correctly:

    Canis Familiaris

    canis Familiaris

    Canis familiaris

    canis familiaris

        

  15. The two classification levels for an organism’s scientific name are-

             

  16. Homo sapiens is the binomial nomenclature for humans-

    Homo is the

    sapiens is the

  17. Mammals belong to the animal kingdom, but which domain?

     

  18. In order to be a species, organisms must be similar _____________ and offspring must be able to _______________.
  19. True or false?All mammals give live birth ____________ Mammals are warm blooded _________

     

  20. Archaebacteria belong to which domain?

     

  21. Which 2 kingdoms meet this description:

    Multicellular, contains a nucleus, does not have a cell wall, heterotrophic

     

  22. Organisms with a back bone are called chordates or _____________________
  23. Organisms that lack a backbone are called ___________________________
  24. List some examples of arthropods:

     

  25. List some examples of echinoderms:

     

  26. True or false-snakes and fish have back bones?

     

     

  27. Plants are __________________ and animals are _______________________.

     

  28. Organisms that absorb nutrients from dead plants and animals are _______________. Examples would include mushrooms and some bacteria.
  29. What organelle do plants have that allow plants to go through photosynthesis?

             

  30. What green pigment/chemical is inside plants that allow them to go through photosynthesis?

     

     

  31. The tiny holes on the undersides of leaves in which gasses flow are called-

     
     

  32. Plants convert ____________ energy into _______________ energy.

             

  33. What are the raw materials of photosynthesis?

     

  34. What are the products of photosynthesis?


  35. What is the chemical equation for photosynthesis?

     

  36. Now put that into words (using symbols for + and à)

     

     

  37. In the carbon/oxygen cycle producers take in what gas?

     

  38. True or false-Photosynthesis produces carbon dioxide.

     

  39. What chemical process changes water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen?

     

  40. Which organelle of the plant is primarily responsible for completing cellular respiration?

     

  41. What are the raw materials of cellular respiration?

     

  42. What are the products of cellular respiration?

     

     

  43. What is the chemical equation for cellular respiration?

     

     

  44. Which level of a food web has the most available energy?