3rd Quarter Benchmark Study Guide 2016-2017 -Answers

3rd Quarter Benchmark Study Guide

  1. List the 8 levels of classification to from the largest to the most specific-

    Domain, Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species

  2. The 3 Domain System was set up by Carl Woese.The criteria he used to classify the organisms was the differences in- Ribosomal RNA structure
  3. An organism that can make its own food is a(n)

               Autotroph/producer

  4. An organism that can’t make its own food is a(n)

              Heterotroph/consumer

  5. Having one cell is:unicellularmultiple cells is multicellular
  6. Prokaryote or Eukaryote? An organism having a nucleus is a(n)

    Eukaryote                                                                

  7. Prokaryote or Eukaryote? An organism that lacks a nucleus is a(n)

           Prokaryote

  8. Fill in the chart below

    KINGDOM

    PROKARYOTE OR EUKARYOTE

    UNICELLULAR OR MULTICELLULAR

    AUTOTROPH OR HETEROTROPH

     

    Archaebacteria

     

    Prokaryote

     

    Unicellular

    Both-some organisms are autotrophs while others are heterotrophs

     

    Eubacteria

     

    Prokaryote

     

    Unicellular

    Both-some organisms are autotrophs while others are heterotrophs

     

    Protist

     

    Eukaryote

    Both-some organisms are uni while others are multicellular

    Both-some organisms are autotrophs while others are heterotrophs

     

    Fungus

     

    Eukaryote

    Both-some organisms are uni while others are multicellular

     

    Heterotrophs

     

    Plant

     

    Eukaryote

     

    Multicellular

     

     

    Autotrophs

     

    Animal

     

    Eukaryote

     

    Multicellular

     

     

    Heterotrophs

  9. Archaebacteria and Eubacteria are the only living organisms that do not have a ____nucleus_________.
  10. The scientist that developed the system of classification known as binomial nomenclature was:Carolus Linnaeus
  11. True or False?Scientists classify living organisms by grouping them with organisms that share similar characteristics.True
  12. Fill in this Chart:

    Domain

    Cell Type

    Kingdom

    Archaea

    Prokaryotic

    Archaebacteria

    Bacteria

    Prokaryotic

    Eubacteria

    Eukarya

    Eukaryotic

    Animal

    Eukarya

    Eukaryotic

    Plant

    Eukarya

    Eukaryotic

    Fungus

    Eukarya

    Eukaryotic

    Protist

                          
  13. An organisms two part name is it’s-

           Binomial nomenclature

  14. Circle the scientific name that is written correctly:

    Canis Familiaris

    canis Familiaris

    Canis familiaris <--

    canis familiaris

  15. The two classification levels for an organism’s scientific name are-

              Genus and species

  16. Homo sapiens is the binomial nomenclature for humans-

    Homo is the genus

    sapiens is the species

  17. Mammals belong to the animal kingdom, but which domain? Eukarya
  18. In order to be a species, organisms must be similar ___looking__________ and offspring must be able to _reproduce______________.
  19. True or false?All mammals give live birth __False__________ Mammals are warm blooded _true________Monotremes lay eggs
  20. Archaebacteria belong to which domain?Archaea
  21. Which 2 kingdoms meet this description:

    Multicellular, contains a nucleus, does not have a cell wall, heterotrophic

              Animal and Fungus

  22. Organisms with a back bone are called chordates or  vertebrates_______________
  23. Organisms that lack a backbone are called __invertebrate
  24. List some examples of arthropods: crustaceans, arachnids, insects (crabs, praying mantis, spiders)
  25. List some examples of echinoderms: Sea urchins, sea stars, sand dollars, sea cucumbers
  26. True or false-snakes and fish have back bones? True
  27. Plants are _autotrophs/producers and animals are _heterotrophs/consumers__.
  28. Organisms that absorb nutrients from dead plants and animals are __decomposers______. Examples would include mushrooms and some bacteria.
  29. What organelle do plants have that allow plants to go through photosynthesis?Chloroplasts
  30. What green pigment/chemical is inside plants that allow them to go through photosynthesis?Chlorophyll
  31. The tiny holes on the undersides of leaves in which gasses flow are called-Stomata
  32. Plants convert _light___________ energy into ___chemical____________ energy.
  33. What are the raw materials of photosynthesis?Carbon dioxide and water
  34. What are the products of photosynthesis? Sugar/glucose and oxygen
  35. What is the chemical equation for photosynthesis?                      6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
  36. Now put that into words (using symbols for + and-->                 Carbon dioxide + water à glucose/sugar + oxygen
  37. In the carbon/oxygen cycle producers take in what gas?Carbon dioxide
  38. True or false-Photosynthesis produces carbon dioxide. False
  39. What chemical process changes water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen?Photosynthesis
  40. Which organelle of the plant is primarily responsible for completing cellular respiration? Mitochondria
  41. What are the raw materials of cellular respiration? Sugar/glucose and oxygen
  42. What are the products of cellular respiration? Carbon dioxide, water, and energy
  43. What is the chemical equation for cellular respiration?       C6H12O6 + 6O--> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ENERGY
  44. Which level of a food web has the most available energy?

    Producer