Plant/Ch 10 vocabulary with definitions

                                                                                                Name

 

Plant/Chapter 10 Vocabulary

Term

Picture/word/symbol

Definition

 

Angiosperm

 

 

 

A flowering plant that produces seeds enclosed in a protective fruit

 

Annual

 

 

 

A flowering plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season

 

Biennial

 

 

 

A flowering plant that completes its life cycle in 2 years

 

Chloroplast

 

 

 

An organelle in the cells of plants and some other organisms that captures energy from sunlight and changes it to an energy form that cells can use in making food.

 

Cotyledon

 

 

 

A leaf produced by an embryo of a seed plant; sometimes stores food

 

Dicot

 

 

 

An angiosperm that has 2 seed leaves

 

Dormancy

 

 

 

A period of time when an organism’s growth or activity stops

 

Fertilization

 

 

 

The process in sexual reproduction in which an egg and a sperm cell join to form a new cell

 

Gametophyte

 

 

 

The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces gametes, or sex cells

 

Germination

 

 

 

The sprouting of the embryo out of a seed, occurs when the embryo resumes its growth following dormancy

 

Gymnosperm

 

 

 

A plant that produces seeds directly on the scales of cones-not enclosed by a protective fruit

 

Monocot

 

 

 

An angiosperm that has only one seed leaf

 

Nonvascular

Plant

 

 

A low growing plant that lacks true vascular tissue for transporting materials

 

Perennial

 

 

 

A flowering plant that lives for more than 2 years

 

Phloem

 

 

 

The vascular tissue through which food moves in some plants

 

Pollination

 

 

 

The transfer of pollen from male reproductive structures to refmale reproductive structures in plants

 

Rhizoid

 

 

 

A thin, root like structure that anchors a moss and absorbs water and nutrients for the plant

 

Sporophyte

 

 

 

The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces spores

 

Stoma

 

 

 

Small opening on the underside of a leaf through which oxygen, water, and carbon dioxide can move plural-stomata

 

Transpiration

 

 

 

The process by which water is lost through plants leaves

 

Tropism

 

 

 

The response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus

 

Vascular

plant

 

 

A plant that has true vascular tissue for transporting materials

 

Vascular tissue

 

 

 

The internal transporting tissue in some plants that is made up of tube like structures that carry water, food, and minerals

 

Xylem

 

 

 

The vascular tissue through which water and minerals move in some plants

 

Zygote

 

 

 

A fertilized egg, produced by the joining of a sperm cell and egg cell