Post Test Study Guide
  

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POST TEST STUDY GUIDE

1.  Metric Unit for

            Mass:

            Volume:

            Length/Distance:

2. In an experiment all variables should be kept the same except for the ___________________ variable, the one you are testing/changing on purpose.

3.  The ______________________ variable is the variable that responds to changes in the ___________________variable.

4. Which variable is on the x axis? ___________________ Y axis? ___________________

5. Plant cells are this shape___________________ and animal cells are ___________________

6. Which organelle is the

      Brain:

      Storage unit:

      Selectively permeable one:

      Protein maker:

7. What two things help you to know that the cell you are looking at under a microscope is a plant cell?

8.  List the 3 parts of the cell theory-

      1.

      2.

      3.

9.  Which cell division results in the production of sex cells?

10. Which cell division produces daughter cells identical to the mother cell?

11. Define binary fission-

 

12.  Put in order from smallest to largest. Tissue, system, cell, organ

                                    à                                à                                à

13. The most basic unit of life is the-

14.  List 4 organ systems found in the human body:

      1.                                                                                       2.

      3.                                                                                       4.

15.  Which process creates oxygen and sugar?

16. Which process uses oxygen to break down food molecules to release energy?

17. Define diffusion and illustrate-

      Definition-

 

      Illustration-

 

18.  Who came up with the 3 Domain system?

19.  What are the 6 kingdoms?

 

20.  A ___________________ is an organism that has a nucleus and a ___________________ is an organism that doesn’t have a nucleus.

21.  Which two kingdoms are prokaryotic?

      1.                                                                           2.

22.  Which 4 kingdoms are eukaryotic?

      1.                                                                           2.

      3.                                                                           4.

23.  Invertebrates do not have a(n) ___________________.

      List 3 examples of invertebrates: 

      1.                                                  2.                                                         3.

24.  Angiosperms produce ________________ while gymnosperms produce ________________.

25.  When writing a binomial nomenclature (scientific name), use genus and species-

      1. Which word comes first?

      2. Which word is in italics?

      3. Which word is capitalized?

26.  If two organisms are similar looking and can reproduce, then they are of the same-

 

27.  What is the green pigment inside the chloroplast that helps trap light energy called?

 

28.  The raw materials of photosynthesis are- (needed in order to perform photosynthesis)

      1.                                                                                       2.

29. The products of photosynthesis are- (what are made)

      1.                                                                                       2.

30.  _________________________________ is the foundation of all food webs and energy pyramids. (A process-not organism)

31. What process takes free nitrogen gas and changes it to useable forms?

 

32.  Why should there be regulations on harvesting trees, fish, or any living organism?

 

33.  Food webs and energy pyramids illustrate the transfer of ________________ from one level   to another.

 

34.  In an energy pyramid, which level has the most energy?

35. Please label this energy pyramid:

Please see study guide-image does not translate

 

36.  Why do populations establish social order?

 

37.  What is the difference between a population and a community?

 

38. What are some examples of how animals establish their territory?

            1.                                                                                 2.

            3.                                                                                 4.

 

39. When 2 different species have the same or similar prey, what happens between those             two species?

 

40.  A ___________________ is an organism’s role or job in an ecosystem.

41.  Mutualism, Commensalism, or Parasitism?

            win/win                                                         win/no effect

            win/lose

42.  A large region that has similar climates, plants and animals make up a-

43. What are some adaptations of coniferous trees?

44. ___________________ is when a plant grows toward the light.

45.  When organisms lower their metabolism to conserve energy and resources in harsh conditions they go-

 

46. If there are no predator animals, what will happen to the prey?

 

47.  When there are too many nutrients in the water, causing eutrophication, what gas will leave the water?

 

48. Why do some exotic or invasive species take over?

 

49.  Humans can have a negative impact on ecosystems and habitat size how?

 

50. If we reduce, reuse, and recycle we are taking steps to ___________________ our resources.

 

51. Our hereditary material that carries all of our genetic makeup and controls our activities is our

 

52.  Segments on our DNA that code for a trait are-

53. Genotypes are our ___________________ makeup and represented by ___________________.

54. Phenotypes describe ___________________ characteristics.

55.  BB is a ___________________, Bb is a ___________________ bb is a ___________________

56.  The ___________________ allele always takes over if it is present.

57. True or false?  Hair color, dimples, eye color, hair type, and height are all inherited traits?

58. Define genetic engineering-

 

59. Gradual changes of populations over time is called-

60. A characteristic that helps an organism to survive and reproduce in its environment is called-

 

61. The “Father of Genetics” is?

 

62.  Preserved remains of organisms that lived in the past are called-

 

63.  Slight differences that can be observed in the same species are called-

 

64.  Review all BIOME notes

 

NOT ALL QUESTIONS ARE COVERED IN THIS STUDY GUIDE!  YOU WILL NEED TO THINK LIKE A SCIENTIST AND ALSO REVIEW CHARTS/GRAPHS.  THIS WILL BE A TEST GRADE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!